Understanding Kumhar and Prajapati caste

Kumhar - A Punjabi prospective 

Per old Indian mythology the Kumhar are offspring of Lord Braham (Prajapati). This is why in some places in India the Kumhar use Pajapati / Prajapat as a surname according to Indian caste system.

Where Are they Located?
The Kumhar can be found throughout India by different surnames: Verma, Kumhar, Prajapat, Prajapati and Kumawat.

The Kumhar's livelihood is making earthen pots. It is very difficult for a Kumhar artisan to maintain his existence with kumbhkala. They claim to be the first inventors of the wheel / cycle. The Kumhar use it to make earthen utensils. The main profession of this cast is to make earthen products.

Once Brahma divided sugarcane among his sons and each of them ate his share, but the Kumhara who was greatly absorbed in his work, forgot to eat. The piece which he had kept near his clay lump struck root and soon grew into a sugarcane plant. A few days later, when Brahma asked his sons for sugarcane, none of them could give it to him, excepting the Kumhara who offered a full plant. Brahma was pleased by the devotion of the potter to his work and awarded him the title Prajapati and protector of life.

In Hindu mythology, the Kumhars are the ancestors of Lord Prajapati Daksha, son of Lord Brahma. They are mainly known as Prajapati. It is a belief in Kumhars that when God comes on earth in ends of Kalayuga, he takes Birth in Prajapatis and then again Lord Brahma takes birth in his home and the human civilization starts again.The kumhars have following surnames (many surnames are shifted to other castes:


* Jhalli: (chalhi) who runs the chuck(wheel)
* Bhopal: (bhoo-bhaal) who searchs the proper type of earth
* Gill: checks the mixture ratio
* Dhillon: accurate speed of the running wheel
* Dubb Doel(Deol)= packers/driers
* Talewal(Talwar)= colouring the raw material
* Kalsi =Kalakaar makes designs
* AKKU= Making the raw material to finalize
* Gohil= Earthen walls makers


Other surnames include: badal/atthi/lidder/suetti/atar/ahetan/balhotra/bhardwaj/sangar/sohal/chandla/chidimaar/chond/kaundal/khokhar (Kumhars of Madhya Pradesh who also did the wooden work over ages and also fought like wariors in 1857 war.in Punjab when Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji found Khalsa Panth, one of the first khalsa's was a Ghumar/Kumhar(who was a water bearer also). Shri Bhai Ghanaiya is an example in front of World and was a Kumhar.Traditional tools of Kumhars.


Traditional tools of Kumhars/Prajapatis in Punjab like Chakk, Handi, Chalakkar, soot, in May 2010
CHAKK(ਚੱਕ)(चाक): wheel (Manual/Automatic/Semiautomatic)

It is thought that Brahmaji is himself present on Chakk so it is worshiped on all occasions by all Hindu castes. But nowadays this tradition is lost somewhere
(a) GHIRNIYAN(ਘਿਰਨੀਆਂ)(घिरनीयां): Designing tools
(b) SOOT/SOOTRA(ਸੂਤ)(सूत्र): To cut the made pot from the chak
(c) THATTHU(ਥੱਥੂ)(थत्थू): External support to the raw material
(d) THAPI(ਥਾਪੀ)(थापी): Internal supporting organ
(e) MOOLI(ਮੂਲ਼ੀ)(मूल़ी): Refining tool for soil (by beating it into small pieces)
(f) CHALLAKAD(ਚਲੱਕੜ)(चलक्कड़): To rotate the wheel using a rod; the rod is called Challakad
(i) SANCHA(ਸੱਚਾ)(सांचा): (SACCHA in Punjabi) is a dye to make Handis
(j) AAWA (ਆਵਾ)(भट्ठी-आवा): a hearth/kiln for raw material finalizing.

Arts products of Kumhars
Products of Kumhars/Prajaparis in Punjabi Right to left: below are Taudian, bigger one are Chattina then biggest are Kumbh and smallest are Chilamns May 2010
1. Chatti
2. Taudi
3. Kujje
4. Gahde/Kalash
5. Chilamns
6. Kanalian
7. Gamle
8. AAthrian
9. Karhnian
10. Deeve/Diye
12. Jhanven
13. Chappan
14. Koonde
15. Chhikyale

    • Prajapati Informer
      Prajapati Informer

      Alternative surname

      Ahitant, Aiton, Ghatakarpur, Ghumiar, Ghurmar, Handa Kummar, Kalam Chettiar, Kir, Kulala, Kulalar, Kumar, Kumbaran, Kumbarar, Kumbhakar, Kumbhar, Kummara, Kummaravallu, Kumore, Kumrao, Kusavan, Kusavar, Kusawan, Kuyavar, Langotra, Lehri, Maru, Moolya, Narhia, Paul, Prajapat, Prajapati, Rudrabans, Rudrapal, Salivahana, Sohal, Takopatil, Wadiyar, कुम्हार (सिख ट्रेडिशन्स)